Jim2 supports two methods of manufacturing: single level manufacturing and multilevel (fixed cost) manufacturing.
Single Level vs Multilevel Manufacturing
▪Finished manufactured product put into stock on hand at exact cost of included parts (and labour, if configured via Options).
▪Any additional costs related to stock used (from finished PO or expense order, etc.) are also included in the manufactured stock on hand cost, and flow through to COGS if stock is sold.
▪Must be the final manufactured product.
▪Cannot be used in any other manufacturing process.
▪Can include stock that is produced via multilevel manufacturing.
▪Finished manufactured product put into stock on hand at fixed cost at point of manufacture.
▪The cost difference between the fixed cost and actual costs of parts (and labour, if configured by Options) are offset to the linked fixed cost offset GL account.
▪Any additional costs related to stock used (from finished PO or expense order, etc.) are offset to the linked fixed cost offset GL account.
▪Can be used in other manufacturing processes, including single level.
Single Level Manufacturing
Single level manufactured stock is made up of Stock A + Stock B = Stock C, and costs will be affected by expense orders.
Consider what components are used to make a final product before selecting the single level or multilevel (fixed) manufacturing type in the stock section of the header.
Once a manufacturing type is set for a stock code, it cannot be amended.
The manufacturing process in Jim2 involves:
a)The stock code that is to be manufactured.
b)The stock codes used in the manufacture process, including parts and labour.
c)A manufacturing Item, which is where the Bill of Materials is stored.
d)A manufacturing job, which is where the stock codes in point b) are consumed and manufactured into point a). The consumed stock codes in point b) are no longer available for jobs. The manufacturing job also records the actual labour used. Under Tools > Options > Accounts > Linked Accounts is a linked account called Manufacturing Labour Cost. This linked account is used to offset any labour included in the manufacturing cost. To enable this, you must tick Include Labour cost when Manufacturing in Tools > Options > Stock.
You can only manufacture whole quantities, ie. you cannot manufacture, say, 4.5 of something.
Multilevel Manufacturing (Fixed Cost)
Selecting the multilevel manufacturing option enables you to choose already manufactured stock (multilevel only) as a further ingredient in your manufacturing process, ie. you can use a finished product as a component to manufacture a further product, and so on, to produce the finished product.
Example: multilevel manufactured stock is made up of Stock A + Stock B = Stock C at a fixed cost, then Stock C + Stock D = Stock E.
This is possible because the cost of manufactured stock is fixed and set on the Manufacturing job. It is not updated when finishing purchase or expense orders of stock used in the manufacturing process, as compared to single level manufacturing.
▪When selecting multilevel (fixed), you can set the default manufacturing cost in the Details tab on the Stock screen.
▪Jim2 uses a fixed cost offset account in your general ledger to account for the difference in cost between the actual costs and the set fixed cost. When completing a manufacturing job by moving to Finish status and selecting the Manufacture icon from the ribbon, the fixed cost offset account will show the difference between the fixed cost set on the job and the actual cost of the stock codes used.
For example, if all stock codes used in manufacturing are from purchase orders on Received, the full cost will be offset. When purchase orders are set to Finish, Jim2 will reduce the offset account by the cost of the stock.
▪Labour can be included as a cost of manufacture.
▪You can manufacture unlimited levels of multilevel manufactured stock.
▪The cost of multilevel manufactured stock does not fluctuate with changes in material and labour costs.
The final level of manufactured stock can be either multilevel or single level manufacturing.
Multilevel manufacturing costs will not be affected by expense orders, enabling the stock codes to be used as parts in another manufacturing job.
▪Multilevel manufacturing involves any product that will be manufactured and used in the bill of materials (BOM) of another manufactured product.
▪Fixed cost manufacture is how Jim2 manages the costing process. This means that each multilevel manufactured product will require a nominated fixed cost, approximating its asset value as a finished product.
The variance (of real cost to fixed cost of manufacture) is then held in an offset account. The offset account needs to be nominated in Tools > Options > Accounts > Linked Accounts. The offset account must already exist in your general ledger.